Probably the only product that has played in the history of architecture is not less important than in cooking, is a walnut. There is a direct link between the nut and caryatids. Ancient Greek legend tells that the God of wine Dionysus fell in love with a girl named Kariya. When she died, he transformed her into a walnut tree. Goddess Artemis ordered to build a temple in memory of Caria. Columns of the temple, carved in wood in the form of young women, called caryatids. Also, the name "nut" is the Greek God's lover now one of the regions of Turkey and a tree from the family Kariya nut.
In fact, walnut is not the ancient Ancient Greece, the first mention of him appeared more than four thousand years ago. In Mesopotamia, clay tablets were found with inscriptions, which suggests that walnuts are grown in the famous hanging gardens of Babylon. So it is no exaggeration to call walnut one of the wonders of the world, because those were considered Babylonian gardens.
For the calorie content of walnut is quite comparable to meat or butter, for 75% consists of fat, and the amount of vitamins 50 times higher than citrus fruits and eight times the black currant. In ancient times it was believed that walnuts stimulate mental activity. This explains why the priests in Babylon were forbidden to mere mortals there are walnuts; not that they feared that the mob would end with all the nuts in the state, but simply smart in Babylon was supposed to be the boss only, wherein tradition inherited from the Babylonian priests and some other people. All plant parts contain many biologically active substances: bark - triterpenoids, steroids, alkaloids, vitamin C, tannins, quinones (juglone, etc.); leaves - aldehydes, essential oils, alkaloids, vitamins C, PP, carotene, phenol carboxylic acids, tannins, coumarins, flavonoids, anthocyanins, quinones and high aromatic hydrocarbons; pericarp - organic acids, vitamin C, carotene, phenol carboxylic acids, tannins, coumarins and quinones.
In the green nuts found vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, carotene and quinones, in Mature - sitosterin, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, carotene, tannins, quinones and fatty oil, which includes linoleic, linolenic, oleic, palmitic and other acids, and fiber, iron salts and cobalt. The shell contains phenol carbonic acids, tannins and coumarins; pelikula (thin brown skin that covers the fetus) - steroids, phenol carboxylic acids, tannins and coumarins. In the leaves of the walnut amount of vitamin C as development progressively increases and reaches a maximum in the middle of the growing season. The main value of the leaves is a large amount of carotene. In addition, vitamins B1, tannins and juglone, the dye with bactericidal action, traces of essential oil.
Despite the huge fat content, walnuts help to lower cholesterol levels in the blood, at least this is true for men. A few years ago in America experiment was carried out with the participation of volunteer groups. 20% of the calories in their daily diet came from eating walnuts. It was found that cholesterol levels decreased on average by 12%, and the so-called "bad" cholesterol – even more.
of Course, all these amazing properties of walnuts wouldn't be so interesting if they weren't also very tasty – a thing that can be said about all the useful products. Fortunately, the benefits and taste found in one walnut a perfect combination, and this explains the fact that walnuts presented in a vast majority of the world cuisines. For example, one of the most famous Mexican dishes - "chiles EN nogada" is stuffed peppers in walnut sauce. In Morocco, a very popular salad of oranges and walnuts (actually it has a dozen other ingredients – from honey to red onion).
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