an Annual plant of the legume with erect, much-branched; stems up to 1 m, or winding the stem length to 3 m. Leaves alternate, trifoliate, with ovate leaflets and long petioles. The flowers are arranged in two — six on long peduncles. The incorrect flower, consists of five-membered fused calyx, a five-membered svobodnyie the papilionaceous Corolla of various colors, from yellowish-white to pink and purple, with ten stamens, nine of which are fused by their filaments, and one free, and one pistil with upper ovary. Fruits are cylindrical or flat, straight or curved pods with thin septa between the seeds. Seeds are large, 5-15 mm long, of various colors. It flowers in July and August, the fruits ripen in August — September.
In the wild is unknown. It is widely cultivated in many countries as legumes and vegetables. In Russia grows everywhere, except in Northern areas. In food are the seeds, at least — the young beans.
the bean Seeds have an important nutritional value due to high protein content (27%). Bean protein is easily digested and contains a number of essential amino acids: tryptophan, lysine, arginine, tyrosine, methionine, so the power supply of Mature seeds beans in some countries, compensates largely the lack of meat. In addition to the protein the seeds contain carbohydrates, fats, vitamins b and C, potassium salt (535 mg %) and phosphorus (530 mg %). In the wings of beans contains crystalline globulin, betaine, arginine, tryptophan, choline, hemicellulose, vitamins.
beans increase the secretion of gastric juice. Mashed beans as a dietary means can be given in gastritis with decreased secretion of gastric glands, In folk medicine, water infusion or decoction of the beans used in diseases of the kidneys and bladder, hypertension, heart failure with edema, chronic rheumatism, gout. When kidney stones some doctors recommend a decoction of dried flowers beans.
Great importance is the use of beans in diabetes mellitus. Known properties of the beans to lower the level of sugar in blood.
In the treatment of mild forms of diabetes at home a decoction prepared from 20 g of crushed dried flaps to 1 liter of water; boil the resulting broth (about 0.5 liters), drink in equal portions during the day. In medicine, decoction is used as a mixture of equal amounts of wing beans and leaves of bilberry. Sometimes in this mixture add one part oat straw. The broth is prepared at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 2 cups of water and take 4-5 times a day for 1\3 Cup. Sometimes in a collection of plants used in diabetes, add the Bay leaves.
it is Established that aqueous extract of beans has wings and antimicrobial action. Apparently, this is connected with the therapeutic effect of bean flour, which is a powder used in folk medicine to treat ulcers and eczema. Sometimes bean flour with honey do cakes, which is applied to abscesses and boils to speed up their ripening. In the Caucasus, a decoction of dried bean is given to children with diarrhea.
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